What is biofeedback?

Biofeedback is a training method that allows you to gain more control over various functions of your body. The training uses electronic monitors to record a number of physiological processes such as heart rate (pulse), respiration, blood pressure, muscle movements, and body temperature. By receiving information about your body in real time, you can learn to influence and eventually control these normally involuntary functions. Biofeedback utilizes the innate human ability to self regulate - that is, the ability to observe and improve ourselves in order to meet our life demands. As you continue to learn more about how your body reacts, you are able to build greater body awareness and consciously shift yourself towards states of calm, control and balance.

brain training

What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback (NFB) is a type of biofeedback specifically designed to help you develop and regulate your brain function. Also known as EEG Biofeedback, NFB uses an electroencephalogram, or EEG, to read the electrical activity occurring within your brain. This information is fed back to you using visual, auditory, and tactile cues. Over time, the brain learns how to better regulate itself, building stronger connections and shifting between brain states appropriately. These changes lead to improvements in cognition, emotional stability, and healthy adaptive behavior.

Who Can Benefit from Neurofeedback?

There is promising scientific evidence that neurofeedback can be helpful in a number of psychiatric and psychological conditions, and some neurological conditions, including:

  • Anxiety

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Depression

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • Processing of early Trauma

  • Migraines

However, this type of training isn't limited to treating psychiatric conditions.  Neurofeedback is also often used for personal improvement and performance enhancement.  Some of the benefits of Neurofeedback can include:

  • Increased and improved ability to focus

  • Improved sleep

  • Improved ability to relax

  • Increased creativity

  • Improved Flow state

What to expect during a neurofeedback session

During a session, a few small sensors (electrodes) are placed on your head. These sensors pick up on the electrical activity occurring within your brain. You then sit back in a comfortable chair, and watch something on a TV screen or computer monitor. What you watch depends on the goals of your treatment, and the equipment you are using - it can be a simple moving image, or sometimes a movie of your choice. Your Neurofeedback trainer observes your progress throughout the session, and makes note of your experience after each session is over. A typical session runs 30-40 minutes. 


The process always begins with a private consultation. Once an appointment is booked, one of our psychiatrists will greet you to go over your concerns, symptoms, goals and expectations. The psychiatrist will thoroughly review the biofeedback process and work to develop an individualized protocol based on your needs. To ensure proper training, NFB sessions are typically done one to three times a week. You will periodically meet with the psychiatrist throughout your training to assess your overall progress and make necessary adjustments. 

Neurofeedback Symptoms Checklist